Updates? Atmospheric pressure is also measured using an aneroid barometer, in which the sensing element is one or more hollow, partially evacuated, corrugated metal disks supported against collapse by an inside or outside spring; the change in the shape of the disk with changing pressure can be recorded using a pen arm and a clock-driven revolving drum.
Blow through these questions and see if you can stand the (air) pressure in this quiz. We don't save this data.
Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/atmospheric-pressure, Public Broadcasting Service - Atmospheric Pressure, Hyperphysics - Atmospheric Pressure Examples, LiveScience - Atmospheric Pressure: Definition and Facts, atmospheric pressure - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). At heights above 1,500 to 3,000 metres (5,000 to 10,000 feet), the pressure is low enough to produce mountain sickness and severe physiological problems unless careful acclimatization is undertaken. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Examination of data at higher altitudes reveals, however, that the relationship is exponential. Atmospheric pressure can be measured with a mercury barometer (hence the commonly used synonym barometric pressure), which indicates the height of a column of mercury that exactly balances the weight of the column of atmosphere over the barometer. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Normal atmospheric pressure at sea level is the total pressure that a column…, …atmosphere gave rise to an atmospheric pressure 60 times that of modern times.
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Currently, most of the carbon dioxide now resides…. Standard atmospheric pressure is measured by weighing the column of air that occupies 1 square inch on Earth's surface.
Pressure Air molecules colliding with a surface cause atmospheric pressure. The table below indicates air pressure at elevations below and above sea level. (1atm=1013.25hPa) Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? The normal air pressure at sea level is 14.7 pounds per square inch. Variations about these values are quite small; for example, the highest and lowest sea-level pressures ever recorded are 32.01 inches (in the middle of Siberia) and 25.90 inches (in a typhoon in the South Pacific).
Standard atmospheric pressure can also be expressed using different units, including 1013.25 millibars, 1013.25 hectoPascals, 760 millimeters of mercury and 29.92 inches of mercury. Near Earth’s surface the pressure decreases with height at a rate of about 3.5 millibars for every 30 metres (100 feet). Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! However, over cold air the decrease in pressure can be much steeper because its density is greater than warmer air. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. An atmosphere (atm) is a unit of measurement equal to the average air pressure at sea level at a temperature of 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit). Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon.
At sea level, the air that surrounds us presses down on our bodies at 14.7 pounds per square inch.