In 1350, the king was visited at Prague by the Roman tribune Cola di Rienzo, who urged him to go to Italy, where the poet Petrarch and the citizens of Florence also implored his presence. In 1330 Charles’s father summoned him to Luxembourg, and in 1331 he headed the administration of his father’s provisional acquisitions in northern Italy. A detailed account of the occasion, enriched by many splendid miniatures, can be found in Charles V's copy of the Grandes Chroniques de France. Charles IV was born to King John of the Luxembourg dynasty and Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia of the Czech Premyslid Dynasty in Prague.

At about the same time he was promised the succession to the Margravate of Brandenburg, which he actually obtained for his son Wenceslaus in 1373. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was named Wenceslaus after his grandfather King Wenceslaus II. Thus, Charles was the maternal uncle of Charles V of France, who solicited his relative's advice at Metz in 1356 during the Parisian Revolt. Charles's sister Bona married the eldest son of Philip VI of France, the future John II of France, in 1335. Charles also had strong ties to Nuremberg, staying within its city walls 52 times and thereby strengthening its reputation amongst German cities. He was, however, related to the Habsburgs both by blood and by marriage. Bohemia had remained untouched by the plague. Charles died in 1378 and was buried in St. Vitus’ Cathedral. He also gained a considerable portion of Silesian territory, partly by inheritance through his third wife, Anna von Schweidnitz, daughter of Henry II, Duke of Świdnica and Catherine of Hungary. Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during the reign of Charles IV. He was originally named Wenceslaus (Václav), the name of his maternal grandfather, King Wenceslaus II. Thereafter, Charles faced no direct threat to his claim to the Imperial throne. In 1355 he was crowned King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor.

It regulated the election of the German king by seven electors, who, privileged with special rights, became domini terrae, real sovereigns; and above all stood the king of Bohemia. It was the first time in Bohemian lands that the hereditary monarchy was being applied, according to which the law of succession was binding in favour of the first-born son and his subsequent successor. Charles's imperial policy was focused on the dynastic sphere and abandoned the lofty ideal of the Empire as a universal monarchy of Christendom. Charles III (13 June 839 – 13 January 888), also known as Charles the Fat, was the emperor of the Carolingian Empire from 881 to 888. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The name of the royal founder and patron remains on many monuments and institutions, for example Charles University, Charles Bridge, Charles Square. In 1354 Charles crossed the Alps without an army, received the Lombard crown in St. Ambrose Basilica, Milan, on 5 January 1355, and was crowned emperor at Rome by a cardinal in April of the same year. Charles’s last wish was to secure the succession to the throne for his eldest son, Wenceslas. Margaret of Bohemia (1335 - 1349); married Louis I of Hungary. Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during the reign of Charles IV. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (14 May 1316-29 November 1378), bornWenzel of Luxembourg, was King of Bohemia from 26 August 1346 to 29 November 1378 (succeeding John of Bohemia and preceding Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia), King of the Romans from 11 July 1346 to 29 November 1378 (succeeding Louis IV of Germany and preceding Wenceslaus IV), andHoly Roman Emperorfrom 1355 … Worse still, Charles backed the wrong side in the Hundred Years' War, losing his father and many of his best knights at the Battle of Crécy in August 1346, with Charles himself escaping from the field wounded. Gifts or promises had won the support of the Rhenish and Swabian towns; a marriage alliance secured the friendship of the Habsburgs; and an alliance with Rudolf II of Bavaria, Count Palatine of the Rhine, was obtained when Charles, who had become a widower in 1348, married Rudolph's daughter Anna.