The Latin 'Simplex' was given to him meaning. He married Eadgifu of Wessex (902-aft955) 919. Notable ancestors include Charlemagne (747-814). [2] As a child, Charles was not allowed to become king in 884 when his half-brother Carloman died. Corrections? Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Carolus Simplex),[a] was the King of the Franks from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919–23.

Finally, the nobles unanimously summoned back Louis to France, thanks to the decisive support of Hugh the Great, to become their new King. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. It was Robert’s victory against the Northmen at Chartres in 911 which paved the way for the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte later that year, by which Charles ceded territory, in the area later known as Normandy, to the Viking leader Rollo and his men; in return, Rollo became a Christian and Charles’s vassal. Charles Simplex was put under the protection of Ranulf II of Aquitaine who used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. At the time, Brittany was an independent land which France had not been able to conquer. He gave Hagano several monasteries that already belonged to other barons which angered them. [11], In 922, the Frankish nobles revolted again led by Robert of Neustria. He was crowned at Reims Cathedral but was not fully accepted as king until Odo died in 898.[5]. Charles was the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris. This page was last changed on 17 February 2017, at 00:46. ), king of France (893–922), whose authority came to be accepted by Lorraine and who settled the Northmen in Normandy but who became the first Carolingian ruler of the western kingdom to lose his crown.. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. His army, supported by a Lotharingian army and a group of soldiers, faced King Robert's army at Soissons in June 923. [6], In 911, a group of Vikings led by Rollo besieged Paris and Chartres. Because of this, their cousin Charles the Fat, already Holy Roman Emperor and King of East Francia, was invited by the nobles of the Kingdom to assume the throne. [8] They were tired of Charles' policies and his favoritism of count Hagano. Charles III, byname Charles the Simple, French Charles Le Simple, (born Sept. 17, 879—died Oct. 7, 929, Péronne, Fr. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Property Value; dbo:abstract (This article is about Charles III of West Francia. [11] In 925 the Lotharingia became part of the Kingdom of Germany. Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Carolus Simplex), was the King of West Francia from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919–23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris. In 893 Charles was finally crowned by part of the nobility who were opposed to Odo. [citation needed], By this time, Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano, a petty nobleman (mediocris) and a relative of Charles' first wife Frederuna, had turned the aristocracy against him. Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Carolus Simplex),[a] was the King of West Francia from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919–23. Charles III (Charles Simple), 879-929, franske konge (893-923), søn af kong Ludvig II (Louis stammerer). Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He died soon after in January 888. [4] King Charles the Fat was not a good king so he was removed (deposed) in November 887. The talks were led by Hervé, the Archbishop of Reims. [citation needed], During the summer, Charles the Simple was captured by Herbert II, Count of Vermandois (another son-in-law of King Robert) at Château-Thierry; meanwhile, King Henry I of Germany took advantage of the situation to seize and add Lotharingia to his domains, after giving his daughter Gerberga of Saxony in marriage to Duke Giselbert. On 7 October 919 Charles married Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England, who bore him a son, the future King Louis IV of France. Soon the new monarch showed his ambition to conquer Lotharingia, the main objective of all the monarchs of West Francia since Charles the Bald. [citation needed], In 893, at the age of 14, Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to the rule of Odo at the Reims Cathedral, becoming monarch of West Francia only after the death of Odo in 898. This resulted in the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, which granted Rollo and his soldiers all the land between the river Epte and the sea. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It also granted him Brittany, "for his livelihood". [8] Robert was Odo's brother and was elected king by the rebels. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-III-king-of-France, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Charles III. Arnulf of Carinthia, King of East Francia prevented this by entrusting the land to his son Zwentibold in 895.

[5] Charles had tried to win their support for years. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty

[citation needed], Following the death of Odo in January 898, Charles the Simple finally assumed the title of king of West Francia. According to Richerus, Robert was killed in battle by Count Fulbert[19] or according to other historians, by Charles the Simple.

Charles had to flee to Lotharingia. [8] Charles III (Charles the Simple), 879–929, French king (893–923), son of King Louis II Louis II or Louis the Stammerer, 846–79, French king.