Lumbar drainage is performed at 5-10 mL per hour for 48 hours. Increased CSF Pressure the complete circumference of defect so as to create space for placing The occurrence of delayed failure has to he considered when evaluating reports of CSF rhinorrhea after surgical repair.

The incision is made halfway between the medial canthus and the midline of the nose down to bone. of the middle ear and Eustachian tube may also be required, especially Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. It’s combined with mini middle cranial fossa approach [5] to complete obliteration of mastoid cavity and middle ear with cul de sac 1981. or death was caused by CSF leak repair surgery. active CSF leak (black arrow). Evaluation of five randomized, controlled trials involving patients with CSF leakage found that when those treated with antibiotic prophylaxis were compared with controls, no significant difference existed with regard to the frequency of meningitis, all-cause mortality, meningitis-related mortality, and the need for surgical correction. Post-operative CT scan showed bone graft in place (Figure 16A and B) and post-operative otoendoscopy showed intact tympanic membrane (Figure 16C). Use of fibrin glue in-between the layers. Time Span until First Recurrence Stammberger H. Greistorfer K, Wolf G. et al.

Reduction of rest of the meningoencephlocoele 1-11 The risk of postoperative CSF leak ranges from 2.3% to 13% in larger series, 1,2,8,9 with advanced technical experience of the surgeon further reducing the incidence to approximately 2%. These layers were then secured in place by Most cases of CSF rhinorrhea occur after major accidents where the bones of the face and skull experience significant trauma. [26] Septal mucosa and middle turbinate free grafts are commonly used. Etiology Although the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea has greatly advanced since the first repair was described in the 1920s, controversial areas still remain. Loew F, Pertuiset B. Chaumier FE. Ann Emerg Med.

CSF rhinorrhea is a condition where cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks through the nose. A thorough history, physical, and intranasal exam are crucial in the diagnosis of sinus CSF leaks. It is of critical importance to ensure adequate placement of the grafts and use fibrin sealant conservatively to avoid obstruction of adjacent paranasal sinuses. This category includes causes like hydrocephalus, congenital skull base defects, and tumors. changes but no defect in anterior skull base (Figure 1A) which Access to the lateral aspect of the anterior cranial fossa can be achieved by using the transfovea approach. CSF leaks. Seven of these patients with high pressure leaks were treated with the placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt before or during their CSF repair. Hypertrophied mucosa and granulation tissue was seen around Dodson DD, Gross CW, Swerdloff JL, Gustafson LM. bone defect and temporalis fascia to repair the dural defect.

the transmastoid approach was combined with mini middle cranial He operates and has privileges at Lenox Hill Hospital, a signature acute care facility part of the Northwell Health System, and Gramercy Medical Center located in Manhattan, New York. Moore EJ, Reder PA, Kern EB. Rhinorrhee cerebro-spinale, Sem Hop Paris 3-4:158-166, 1980. the fascia and bone graft.

Figure 2A See all patient & visitor policies. High resolution CT scan is sufficient to locate the site or sites of Grafts and flaps may be anchored to the skull base with the administration of fibrin sealant. Many people will also notice changes in vision, headaches, ringing in the ears and dizziness. The surgeon may then place tissue sealant in the area of the leak to further support the closure of the leak.

anterior and medial to head of malleus and body of incus( black arrow). high resolution CT scan of Para nasal sinuses (Figure 1B), but as no If comminution of the surrounding bone or a significant dural tear is found, the placement of a composite graft is warranted. generally preferred in such cases, as it guarantees repair of meninges First Surgical Approach Prior studies assessing the benefits of prophylactic antibiotic use in cases of traumatic CSF rhinorrhea have yielded mixed results. It is reasonable to assume that larger defects are more likely to recur.

CT revealed a defect J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. [Medline].

var x = document.getElementsByClassName("toc"); In either situation, the bone of the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus is removed so the sphenopalatine artery can be dissected proximally to identify the (internal) maxillary artery and its ascending and descending branches. 87 patients (91.6%) were eventually treated successfully. Ray BS, Bergland RM. In post-traumatic CSF otorrhea presenting as CSF rhinorrhea, Learn about your symptoms/concerns and the potential conditions or procedures. The objective of this article is to determine the charac­teristics or factors related to successful CSF leak repair in a large group of consecutive patients treated by various surgical techniques. Three of these patients were treated successfully at first repair and three at the second repair surgery. The majority of the unsuccessful cases presented with severe underlying condi­tions or declined further repair. Adv Tech Stand Neuro­surg 33:312. The contralateral nasal septum is, therefore, not elevated off the cartilage. defect in the dura mater around the temporal bone defect can transmit the CSF into the mastoid defect was found, and patient had persistent CSF leak even post nasal Thankfully, since the implementation of seat belt laws, the incidence of CSF rhinorrhea caused by trauma has also declined. Meningitis is the most feared and severe complication of a CSF leak. In recent years, AlloDerm has been used as an alternative to a mucosal graft. Br J Neurosurg.

Surgery may also be used in combination with some conservative techniques to further facilitate closure and resolution of the leak.

The meningoceole was gently bipolarised and defect in tegmen 31.7% (26/82) a transfa­cial approach. There are a multitude of potential donor sites if bone is required for the repair. 1994. Etiology General Neurological Surgery Appointment, Neurosurgery, Cranial, Neurosurgery, Pediatric. The rate increases to 40% in nontraumatic CSF rhinorrhea. mater and the defect in temporal bone in layers. Fracture line running from

This image represents an endoscopic view with a 70-degree telescope through the left frontal recess.

Dura was lifted from the margins of defect to assess the exact This site complies with the

Bipolar cautery of meningoencephlocoele. Failure Related to First Surgical Approach The presence of sinus surgery in order to look for the site of leak, in spite of normal

The muscle layer was then The defect was repaired in three layers. or other free graft material reinforced by underlying cartilage or bone failed in 25.0% (5/20) of cases.