breathtaking, amazing, stunning, astounding, astonishing. The diphthongs are usually pronounced about 1.5 times as long as short vowels.

adj. The present tense evolved out of the verb kil (கில்), meaning "to be possible" or "to befall". Ellis, F. W. (1820), "Note to the introduction" in Campbell, A.D., List of territorial entities where Tamil is an official language, 22 languages under schedule 8 of the constitution of India, Pudumaipithan's short story 'Pon Nagaram', List of countries where Tamil is an official language, List of languages by first written accounts, "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 – Chapter 1: Founding Provisions", Republic of Singapore Independence Act, s.7,, "Statement on the Status of Tamil as a Classical Language", Definitive Editions of Ancient Tamil Works, "Chera, Chola, Pandya: Using Archaeological Evidence to Identify the Tamil Kingdoms of Early Historic South India", "Palani excavation triggers fresh debate", "An epigraphic perspective on the antiquity of Tamil", "Delay, howlers in Tamil Lexicon embarrass scholars", UN Chronicle – National Identity and Minority Languages, "Strangers to Their Roots and Those Around Them", Myanmar's Tamils seek to protect their identity, "Canada officially declares pride in its Tamils, passes Bill calling for Tamil Heritage Month", "Constitutional Court of South Africa – The Constitution", "Five Indian languages reinstated as official subjects in South African schools", "For these islanders, a reunion with Tamil", "Tradition, Modernity and Impact of Globalization – Whither Will Tamil Go? [68], Tamil is the primary language of the majority of the people residing in Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, (in India) and in Northern Province, Eastern Province (Sri Lanka). Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his address at the 74th session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) recited a three-thousand-years old Tamil quote by an Indian philosopher Kaniyan Pungundranar to highlight India's beliefs of acceptance and inclusion of humanity. Tamil's standard metalinguistic terminology and scholarly vocabulary is itself Tamil, as opposed to the Sanskrit that is standard for most Aryan languages. [29] According to a 2001 survey, there were 1,863 newspapers published in Tamil, of which 353 were dailies.[30]. The current Tamil script consists of 12 vowels, 18 consonants and one special character, the āytam. [33] Although many of the differences between Tamil and Malayalam demonstrate a pre-historic split of the western dialect,[34] the process of separation into a distinct language, Malayalam, was not completed until sometime in the 13th or 14th century. The huge number of Tamil speaking people cutting across countries, the birth and growth of the language, the letters, the rules, the sound variations and the origin of special characters, symbols for Tamil calendar, Tamil numbers, time, land and cultural divisions, and coinage of words have also been dealt with.