On an average day in 2017/18, about 39,000 adults were in provincial/territorial or federal custody (Malakieh, 2019). Statistics Canada also measures police-reported crime data in Canadian metropolitan areas (cities with populations of at least 100,000). Only the northern territories had higher indexes, Statistics Canada says. The horizontal (x) axis presents the years 2007/08 to 2017/18. One of the primary functions of the police is investigating and solving crimes. There were, however, fewer break-ins and motor vehicle thefts, the report said.

Statistics Canada revealed 40 per cent of sexual assault cases reported to Kelowna RCMP were dismissed as "unfounded" — three times the national average. A definition of “accessible” was not provided to respondents. Includes people who self-reported “a great deal” or “some” confidence in police. The Supreme Court of Canada’s Jordan decision underscores this: A failure to provide a trial in a reasonable period violates the constitutional rights of accused persons and can result in cases, including serious charges, being dismissed (R. v. Jordan, [2016] SCC 27 1 S.C.R. For example, Indigenous men accounted for 28% of adult male admissions to provincial/territorial custody in 2017/18 whereas Indigenous women accounted for 42% of adult female admissions (Malakieh, 2019).Footnote 53 At the same time, Indigenous male youth accounted for 47% of male youth admissions to provincial/territorial custody compared with 59% of Indigenous female youth admissions (Statistics Canada, n-d.-j).Footnote 54, Chart 5. Other indicators, such as public perception that the courts are doing a good job of providing justice quickly and public confidence in correctional services may be included in future editions of the Framework. The relationship between illegal drug use and crime is well established and it represents a continuing and costly problem in Canada. The DTCFP provides funding to 10 jurisdictions (British Colombia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Yukon, and Northwest Territories). In 2017, about two-thirds (65%) of police-reported criminal incidents that were cleared by police were cleared by charge and about one-third (35%) were cleared by other means (Statistics Canada, n.d.-i).Footnote 38 Referrals to a diversionary program represented a small proportion of incidents cleared by other means (3%). This is partly because victims often serve as witnesses to help identify accused persons in crimes that involve direct confrontation between a victim and offender (Hotton Mahony & Turner, 2012). Excludes 1% of accused where Indigenous identity was reported as unknown. In 2017, about two out of five (38%) persons accused of homicide were Indigenous, a proportion which has increased since 2014 when it was 31% (Beattie et al. In 2014, about two-thirds (66%) of victims of violent crime who reported an incident to police were satisfied with the actions taken by police (Statistics Canada, n.d.-a).Footnote 42 This percentage remained relatively stable across the past three iterations of the survey (1999, 2004, and 2009). Police-reported crime rate and Crime Severity Index, Canada, 2007 to 2017. Percentages have been rounded unless they are less than 10.

85-002-X. The Act defines visible minorities as "persons, other than Indigenous people, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour". The traditional crime rate has been used to measure police-reported crime in Canada since 1962. Statistics Canada uses the coefficient of variation (CV) as a measure of the sampling error.

This outcome is measured by the prevalence and severity of police-reported crime, self-reported victimization, and satisfaction with personal safety from crime. Childhood maltreatment includes being slapped, hit on the head or pushed, as well as more serious actions such as being punched, kicked or forced into unwanted sexual activity. Victimization data for Indigenous people and marginalized and vulnerable people are reported under outcomes 8 and 9. That's an increase of 21 from the previous year — the largest jump in the country. There were 55 homicides in Saskatchewan in 2019, Statistics Canada says. In 2017, the homicide rate for Indigenous victims increased 8% from the previous year to 8.76 homicides per 100,000 Indigenous population. For youth admissions, data are not available for Prince Edward Island (2007/08 to 2008/09), Nova Scotia (2009/10 to 2017/18), Quebec (2011/12 to 2017/18), Saskatchewan (2007/08 to 2015/2016), and Alberta (2012/2013 to 2017/18). Some indicators had data for only one year and therefore no baseline was available to compare the data. Rates for both young adults and youth were more than twice as high as the rate for adults aged 25 and older (2,048 per 100,000 adults aged 25 and older). Statistics Canada also measures police-reported crime data in Canadian metropolitan areas (cities with populations of at least 100,000). As with any household survey, there are some data limitations. Ensuring the CJS identifies the proportion of Indigenous to non-Indigenous victims/survivors and accused/convicted persons is critical to know if there has been a reduction. In 2014, public confidence in the police was higher among females than males (92% vs. 89%), and non-Indigenous people than Indigenous people (91% vs. 83%). While there may be different models with different priorities and intervention techniques, drug treatment courts offer court-supervised treatment in place of incarcerating people with substance use problems that relate to their criminal activities, such as drug-related and property offences. The same person can be referred to the program more than once. At this time, the federal correctional level is the main source of information for an account of correctional services and supports. Among the different types of violent crime, robbery and physical assault decreased from 2004 (-45% and -36%, respectively), while sexual assault was the only crime for which the victimization rate remained relatively stable since 2004. The ICW Program is delivered through a network of over 200 full-time and part-time courtworkers in over 450 communities across Canada. This number does not necessarily cover referrals to all drug treatment court programs in Canada. The 2017 firearm-related homicide rate was the highest in 25 years and the 2017 gang-related homicide rate was the highest rate recorded since comparable data was first collected in 2005. Prince Albert police are also working to help solve poverty, addictions and mental health issues in the community, so there will be less violent crime, Bergen said. There is a symbol “E” above the bar for sexual assault which means use with caution. by Taxiarchos228 / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0With a homicide rate soaring to 2.57 per 100,000 bringing it well above Canada’s rate of 1.68 is it any wonder many people stay away from Canada’s largest city? In 2017/18, Indigenous adults represented 4% of the Canadian adult population but accounted for 30% of provincial/territorial custody admissions and 29% of federal custody admissions (Chart 5) (Malakieh, 2019). On the far left side, the chart illustrates that 31% of total victimization incidents are reported by Canadians. Source: Statistics Canada. Equal proportions of visible minorities and non-members of a visible minority reported confidence in the police (91%). In 2016/17, legal aid services received 340,781 criminal legal aid applications across the country (Department of Justice Canada, 2018c).Footnote 23 Over three-quarters (81%) of these were approved for full legal aid services (80% of adult applications and 94% of youth applications). Data on remand/pre-trial detention counts allow for comparisons with sentenced custody counts, but do not allow distinctions to be made between those in remand/pre-trial detention awaiting sentence and those awaiting trial. In 2017, females accused of a criminal offence accounted for 25% of all persons accused compared with 75% for males accused of a criminal offence (Savage, 2019). Excludes information from superior courts in Prince Edward Island, Ontario, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan as well as municipal courts in Quebec due to the unavailability of data.

Despite the elevated numbers, the country’s crime index remains nine per cent lower than a decade ago. Across Canada, police reported 2.2 million Criminal Code violations in 2019, equivalent to 5,874 crimes per 100,000 Canadians. Somewhat different results might have been obtained if the entire population had been surveyed. In 2014, a significantly higher proportion of Indigenous people than non-Indigenous people in Canada (aged 15+) reported being victimized in the previous year (28% vs. 18%) (Boyce, 2016).Footnote 46 The proportion of Indigenous people reporting being victimized declined from 2009 (from 38% in the provinces and 36% in the territories).Footnote 47 In 2014, the overall rate of violent victimization among Indigenous people was more than double that of non-Indigenous people (163 vs. 74 incidents per 1,000 people).

).Footnote 17 Levels of satisfaction with personal safety from crime differ among segments of the population. We reserve the right to close comments at any time. The vertical (y) axis presents the percentage (%) of adults in provincial/territorial remand and sentenced custody from 0 to 70 (%).

Read more about cookies here. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group. For the system to be effective and for people to come forward as victims and witnesses of crime, the public must have confidence and trust in the CJS.