This legislation broke the precedent of granting the NSF autonomy to determine its own priorities.  - November 13, 2020, November 12, 2020 According to NSF’s budget request, $8 million of the amount will go toward NSF facilities within the first five years of their operational life: the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope, Ocean Observatories Initiative, and National Ecological Observatory Network.

[23] One of the first six grants went to Stanford University, where two graduate students, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, began to develop a search engine that used the links between Web pages as a ranking method, which they later commercialized under the name Google. Main Address: 2415 Eisenhower Ave. Alexandria, VA 22314. Smith 1990: 40, cited in Daniel Kleinman. [3], After the technology boom of the 1980s, both sides of the aisle have generally embraced the notion that government-funded basic research is essential for the nation's economic health and global competitiveness, and for national defense. [3], The first merit review criterion is 'intellectual merit', the second is that of the 'broader societal impact' of the proposed research; the latter reflects a broader global trend for funding agencies to demand evidence of research 'impact' and has been met with opposition from the scientific and policy communities since its inception in 1997. EPSCoR. Some historians of science have argued that the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 was an unsatisfactory compromise between too many clashing visions of the purpose and scope of the federal government. For summary tables, consult the FYI Federal Science Budget Tracker. The legislation also encourages NSF to “facilitate greater participation in the program from academic institutions in states that have not previously received awards.”. The Advanced Cyberinfrastructure (ACI) Division supports and coordinates the development, acquisition, and provision of state-of-the-art cyberinfrastructure resources, tools, and services essential to the advancement and transformation of science and engineering. ACI also supports forward-looking research and education to expand the future capabilities of cyberinfrastructure. With an annual budget of about US$8.3 billion (fiscal year 2020), the NSF funds approximately 25%, of all federally supported basic research conducted by the United States' colleges and universities.

Emphasis on international scientific and technological competition accelerated NSF growth. Kleinman points out that the final NSF bill closely resembles Vannevar Bush's proposals. Innovation Corps. [30] As of May 2018, Heather Wilson, the secretary of the Air Force signed that letter of intent with the director of NSF initiating partnership for the research related to space operations and Geosciences, advanced material sciences, information and data sciences, and workforce and processes. Forms: National Science Foundation Forms. It started a controversy about political bias and a Congressional Inquiry into federally sponsored research. [9] Economist Robert A. Moffit suggests a connection between this proposal and Democratic Senator William Proxmire's Golden Fleece Award series criticizing "frivolous" government spending—Proxmire's first Golden Fleece had been awarded to the NSF in 1975, for granting $84,000 to a social science project investigating why people fall in love. For the 2020 competition, NSF received over 13,000 applications and made approximately 2,000 fellowships offers. Congress is providing $65 million, and via Senate report language encourages NSF to award at least one project to an institution located in an EPSCoR state. Per custom, Congress does not specify how NSF should distribute funding across these directorates and their component divisions.

[citation needed] It is a part of the NSF's Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences Directorate (SBE).[74]. “Determinants of Representatives' Votes on the Flake Amendment to End National Science Foundation Funding of Political Science Research.”, George T. Mazuzan, "The National Science Foundation: A Brief History" (, B.L.R.

In 1958 the NSF selected Kitt Peak, near Tucson, Arizona, as the site of the first national observatory, that would give any astronomer unprecedented access to state-of-the-art telescopes; previously major research telescopes were privately funded, available only to astronomers who taught at the universities that ran them. Teams may work for up to a week on-site to evaluate research and explore collaborations with the institution.[67]. [13], Most commonly, this debate is characterized by the conflict between New Deal Senator Harley M. Kilgore and OSRD head Vannevar Bush. The GRFP encourages applications from underrepresented groups, including women, minorities, persons with disabilities, and veterans, in order to broaden and diversify those participating in science and engineering. NSF issued the program’s first 10 awards in September. Positions directly responsible for the delivery of the NSF core mission, such as Program Director, Engineer, Scientist, Educator, Physical Scientist, Mathematician, and Statistician. NSF funds research capacity building efforts at minority-serving institutions, STEM education pedagogy research, and various fellowship programs through its Education and Human Resources account, which is increasing 3% to $940 million. The National Science Foundation (NSF) is the only federal agency whose mission includes support for all fields of fundamental science and engineering, except for medical sciences. However, both criteria already had been mandated for all NSF merit review procedures in the 2010 re-authorization of the America COMPETES Act.

Infrastructure planning. Outside of the MREFC account, NSF also requested $30 million for another new agency-wide program dedicated to funding mid-scale research infrastructure costing between $6 million and $20 million. Individuals that have a started application can continue to access their applications here. NSF e-Alerts. In 1959 the U.S. and other nations concluded the Antarctic Treaty reserving Antarctica for peaceful and scientific research, and a presidential directive gave the NSF responsibility for virtually all U.S. Antarctic operations and research in form of the United States Antarctic Program. The appropriation also meets NSF’s requested amounts of $46 million to continue construction of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope in Chile and $98 million for revitalizing infrastructure at the McMurdo research station in Antarctica. In 2014, Republicans proposed a bill to limit the NSF Board's authority in grant-writing. The NSF's director and deputy director, are appointed by the President of the United States, and confirmed by the United States Senate, whereas the 24 presidentially appointed members of the National Science Board (NSB)[4] do not require Senate confirmation. In some fields, such as mathematics, computer science, e… [17] The third attempt began with the introduction of S. 2385 in 1948. The first attempt consisted of the 1945 Magnuson bill (S. 1285), the 1945 Science and Technology Mobilization Bill, a 1945 compromise bill (S. 1720), a 1946 compromise bill (S. 1850), and the Mills Bill (H.B. By the mid-1980s, primary financial support for the growing project was assumed by the NSF.

ATLAS is one of two flagship detectors at the Large Hadron Collider that will receive funding through an upgrade project financed by NSF’s major facility construction account.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) recognizes and supports outstanding graduate students who are pursuing research-based master’s and doctoral degrees in fields within NSF’s mission. The NSF organizes its research and education support through seven directorates, each encompassing several disciplines: Prior to October 2018, NSF maintained three overseas offices to promote collaboration between the science and engineering communities of the United States and other continents' scientific communities:[63], All three overseas offices were shut down in October 2018, to reflect the agency's move to a more nimble international posture. NSF’s Research and Related Activities account, which funds six disciplinary research directorates, is increasing 3% to $6.7 billion. Via Senate report language, NSF is directed to maintain support for the Graduate Research Fellowship Program at its fiscal year 2019 level. [8], Various bills have been introduced to direct funds within the NSF. The Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarships program is allocated $67 million, a $2.5 million increase over last year. [34] Those funded are typically projects that are ranked highest in a 'merit review' process, the current version of which was introduced in 1997. The remainder will support “analysis of NSF’s facilities portfolio in order to determine science priorities and divestment opportunities, as well as investments in actual divestment activities.”, Quantum research.

[73] NCSES is one of the principal U.S. statistical agencies.