[188] The Sidi Saiyyed Mosque and Jama Masjid are holy mosques for Gujarati Muslims. Ketan Mehta and Sanjay Leela Bhansali explored artistic use of bhavai in films such as Bhavni Bhavai, Oh Darling! [186] Other religious sites in state include Ambaji, Dakor, Shamlaji, Chotila, Becharaji, Mahudi, Shankheshwar, etc. Interstate Bus Services – connects various cities of Gujarat with the neighbouring states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. The appearance of gang of robbers in one’s dream can be fearful. [153] In modern times, business tycoon Kanaksi Khimji, from the famous Khimji family of Gujarat[154] was conferred title of Sheikh by the Sultan, the first ever use of the title for a member of the Hindu community. Indians were labelled as "dukawallas" (an occupational term that degenerated into an anti-Indian slur during Amin's time), and stereotyped as "greedy, conniving", without any racial identity or loyalty but "always cheating, conspiring and plotting" to subvert Uganda. Black Cumin seed is used as a spice , in Hindi it known as कलोंजी- Kalōंji. [130] It has allotted 716 MW of solar power capacity to 34 national and international solar project developers in 2009, against the planned 500 MW capacity under its solar power policy. In Saurashtra, as elsewhere, the Marathas were met with resistance. In 2003, 92% of the world's diamonds were cut and polished in Surat. In addition, Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) is one of the leading sectoral institution in rural management. Great number of Gujarati Muslims migrated after the Partition of India in 1947. Ardeshar Khabardar, Gujarati-speaking Parsi who was president of Gujarati Sahitya Parishad was a nationalist poet. A five-day festival is held during Maha Shivaratri at the fort of Girnar, Junagadh, known as the Bhavanth Mahadev Fair (Gujarati: ભવનાથ નો મેળો). Their number was estimated at 45,000 at the independence of the East African countries in the early 1960s. Indians were segregated and discriminated against in all walks of life. When the cracks had started to develop in the edifice of the Mughal Empire in the mid-17th century, the Marathas were consolidating their power in the west, Chatrapati Shivaji, the great Maratha ruler, attacked Surat in southern Gujarat twice first in 1664 and again in 1672. Director Chaturbhuj Doshi is today known as was one of the founding fathers of Gujarati cinema. [179] During the historic reigns of the sultans, Hindu craftsmanship blended with Islamic architecture, giving rise to the Indo-Saracenic style. There are also populations of Muslims, and minor populations of Buddhists, Parsis, Jews, Jains, Christians, and followers of the Baháʼí Faith. Bombay state was enlarged to include Kutch, Saurashtra (Kathiawar) and parts of Hyderabad state and Madhya Pradesh in central India. The ISR is the only institute in India fully dedicated to seismological research and is planned to be developed into a premier international institute in few years time.

In 1911 a Gujarati Parsi businessman in Hong Kong, Sir Hormusjee Naorojee Mody donated HK$150,000 towards the construction and HK$30,000 towards other costs to build the Hong Kong University. Sheri garba is one of the oldest form of garba where all the ladies wear red patola sari and sing along while dancing.

[72], Even at the time of Tom Pires' travel to the East Indies in the early 16th century, Gujarati merchants had earned an international reputation for their commercial acumen and this encouraged the visit of merchants from Cairo, Armenia, Abyssinia, Khorasan, Shiraz, Turkestan and Guilans from Aden and Hormuz. Gujarat (/ˌɡʊdʒəˈrɑːt/, Gujarati: [ˈɡudʒəɾɑt] (listen)) is a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population of 60.4 million. The greatest and the mightiest ruler of the Satavahana Dynasty was Gautamiputra Satakarni who defeated the Western Satraps and conquered some parts of Gujarat in the 2nd century CE. [170], In the early 1980s, palaeontologists found dinosaur egg hatcheries and fossils of at least 13 species in Balasinor. Many Asians, particularly the Gujaratis, in these regions were in the trading businesses. Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque, 15th century), Ahmedabad, Gujarati is the official language of the state. [61] The majority of them migrated after the Partition of India and subsequent creation of Pakistan in 1947.

[111] Most of them arrived in Canada in the 1970s as either refugees or immigrants from Uganda and other countries of East Africa. Gujarat was placed under the political authority of the Bombay Presidency, with the exception of Baroda State, which had a direct relationship with the Governor-General of India. Before he became emperor, Aurangzeb was made Subahdar of Gujarat subah as part of his training and was stationed at Ahmedabad. In Saurashtra region, chhash (buttermilk) is believed to be a must-have in their daily food. Agitation by Gujarati nationalists, the Mahagujarat Movement, and Marathi nationalists, the Samyukta Maharashtra, for their own states led to the split of Bombay state on linguistic lines; on 1 May 1960, it became the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The original East India Company set up a factory (trading post) in the port city of Surat in Gujarat in 1615. [177], Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, 1st Deputy Prime Minister of India and Indian statesman, Muhammed Ali Jinnah, the Father of Pakistan and the 1st Governor-General of Pakistan, Dr.Vikram Sarabhai, first Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and head of India's Department of Atomic Energy, NASA, Morarji Desai, the 4th Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, the 14th Prime Minister of India, Mukesh Ambani, a business magnate and the richest man in Asia[178].

Muhammad Azam was then the Subedar (governor) of Gujarat. Gujarati Hindus are the second largest linguistic/religious group in Canada's Indian community after Punjabi Sikhs, and Toronto is home to the largest Navratri raas garba festival in North America. [126], Gujarati and other Indians started moving to the Kenya colony at the end of the 19th century when the British colonial authorities started opening up the country with the laying down of the railroads. Deputy Chairman of the Senate of Pakistan, "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Karachi's Gujarati speaking youth strive to revive Jinnah's language", "Gujaratis in Britain: Profile of a Dynamic Community", "Census shows Indian population and languages have exponentially grown in Australia", "Oman was Gujaratis' first stop in their world sweep", "Samosas And Saris:Informal Economies In The Informal City Among Portuguese Hindu families", "The indian despora in New Zealand by todd nachowitz", "Gujarat should learn from Kerala - The New Indian Express", "Diaspora Purana: The Indic Presence in World Culture", "Towards an Understanding of Transnational Community Forms and Their Impact on Immigrant Incorporation", Al-Hind, the Making of the Indo-Islamic World: The Slavic Kings and the Islamic conquest, "Gujarat & India Same, Different But Same", "Thanks to NRIs, 3 small Gujarat villages each have Rs 2,000cr bank deposits", "NRI deposits in Gujarat cross Rs 50K crore mark", "With a handful of subbers, two newspapers barely keeping Gujarati alive in Karachi", "The Gujaratis of Pakistan – By Aakar Patel", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2", "Why Indian Americans Dominate the U.S.