Pipemakers before the Taylors had, however, built concert pitch pipes using the narrower bores and smaller fingerholes of the flat pipes. Surely the broken tradition is the border pipes.

This is the most commonly fitted key. Also known as the Irish Uilleann Pipes, the Irish bagpipe is considered the most elaborate bagpipe in the world. They have a conical bore chanter which gives them more similarities to the GHB than the smallpipes. The Irish Uilleann pipes are far more elaborate in their design, and their development is likely to have occurred among the well-to-do.

Uilleann Pipes. His experience and knowledge of making bellows pipes with cane reeds is reflected in the vibrancy, stability and volume of all Kinnear pipes. just my opinions

People mistook the term 'union' to refer to the 1800 Act of Union; this is incorrect as Breandán Breathnach points out that a poem published in 1796 uses the term 'union'.[4]. Thanks in advance. Consider the tone, what are you after? Other than the fact that the staccato techniques from uilleann and Northumbrian piping won’t work on either, as they are both open chanters and use the same basic fingerings as the Highland pipes.

I’m from Nova Scotia, Canada and don’t see any one playing pipes other than the GHB around here, and a few Uilleann pipe players. Up to then, most pipes were what would be termed as "flat sets" in other keys, such as C♯, C, B and B♭, tunings which were largely incompatible with playing with other instruments. This is why many chanters sold in Ireland are sold without keys. The chanter is played with the fingers like a flute. Most makers today design their "border" chanters to use modern Highland fingering, but Jon Swayne makes both a "Lowland" chanter for Highland fingering and a "Border" chanter which uses Central French fingering, and would play more like the original Lowland chanters of the 18th century. Meanwhile, Uilleann pipes tuned into different keys.

The chanter length determines the overall tuning; accompanying pieces of the instrument, such as drones and regulators, are tuned to the same key as the chanter. Even though reelpipe and highland pipe chanters are an octave higher, the drones are still in that lower register so discord is even more minimal. With the small pipes you can squeeze harder and the whole chanter will go up in pitch slightly but the tuning between each note stays pretty stable. fwiw here’s a nice blog of Will Woodson a border piper that I like http://www.boxwoodandbrass.com/ I tried shuttle pipes and have listened closely to small pipes, and compared to Border pipes, they lack "guts", for want of a better word.

However, the first attested written form is "Union pipes", at the end of the 18th century, perhaps to denote the union of the chanter, drones, and regulators. The D Key tuning is often used in ensembles while the flat sets are more commonly played solo. While the mouth-blown warpipe was alive and well upon the battlefields of France and other parts of Europe, it had almost disappeared in Ireland. Bellows Small Pipes. Hah - good to know!

Uilleann pipe reeds are also often called "the piper's despair" for the immense difficulty of maintaining, tuning and especially making the double reed of the regulators and, most importantly, the chanter.