31 After him was Shamgar the son of Anath, who killed 600 of the Philistines with an oxgoad, and he also saved Israel.

Judges 3:31. Although Jehovah raised up Ehud as a deliverer to His people when oppressed by Eglon, it is not stated (and this ought particularly to be observed) that the Spirit of Jehovah came upon Ehud, and still less that Ehud assassinated the hostile king under the impulse of that Spirit.

Iliad, vi. Shamgar - After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad. Ehud's conduct must be judged according to the spirit of those times, when it was thought allowable to adopt any means of destroying the enemy of one's nation.

He ruled for an unknown number of years. The writer of Judges doesn’t say much about Shamgar other than he was the son of Anath that he killed 600 Philistines and like Ehud delivered Israel. New International Version (NIV). Iliad. Judges 3:31 - "After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an ox goad. The phrase occurs here alone—bemalmad ha bākār; literally, “with a thing to teach oxen.” There can be little doubt that an ox-goad is meant. Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. New International Version Update. And it will not all depend on us either. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. The use of them—since whips were not used for cattle—is alluded to in 1Samuel 13:21; Acts 9:5. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. ESV Women's Study Bible--soft leather-look, teal, The Jesus Bible, ESV Edition--soft leather-look, multi-color/teal, ESV Journaling Bible, Interleaved Edition, Cloth over Board, Tan, ESV Study Bible, Large-Print--soft leather-look, mahogany with trellis design (indexed), ESV Student Study Bible (Printed TruTone Imitation Leather with Autumn Song). He slaughtered 600 invading Philistines with an oxgoad, a formidable weapon about 3 meters long with a sharp metal point. 15, § 4).

Comp. In the East they are sometimes formidable implements, eight feet long, pointed with a strong sharp iron head. Since the writer doesn’t give any details other than what is already given I am goi… (s) Journey to Aleppo, &c. p. 110, 111. Jdg 3:31. Second, What can we learn from Shamgar today?

(l) So that it is not the number, nor the means that God regards, when he will get the victory. (r) Hieozoic. Israel’s peace with the Moabites then lasted for 80 … He too saved Israel." The sacred text gives us no further particulars concerning him than that he slew six hundred of them with an ox-goad; or, as the Latin and Greek versions render it, with a plough-share.

It is probable Shamgar was following the plough, when the Philistines made an inroad into the country. 31 After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath,(A) who struck down six hundred(B) Philistines(C) with an oxgoad.

Shamgar means “name of a stranger” (comp. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan.

renders it “besides the oxen.” These translations are not tenable. Grershom, “a stranger there”). Such an instrument, wielded by a strong arm, would do no mean execution. l. 1. c. 18. col. 446. 135. First, how ordinary people like Shamgar with no military training slain 600 battle-hardened Philistines? i. 31 After him was (A)Shamgar the son of Anath, who killed 600 of the Philistines (B)with an oxgoad, and he also (C)saved Israel. In Judges 5, Deborah links Shamgar from the south with Jael from the north. It did not all depend on Shamgar.

par. 6. ver.

NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. $3.99 a month for 40+ study tools. The ox goad, as now used in those parts, is an instrument fit to do great execution with it, as Mr. Maundrell (s), who saw many of them, describes it; on measuring them, he found them to be eight feet long, at the bigger end six inches in circumference, at the lesser end was a sharp prickle for driving the oxen, and at the other end a small spade, or paddle of iron, for cleansing the plough from the clay: and he also delivered Israel, from those robbers and plunderers, and prevented their doing any further mischief in the land, and subjecting it to their power, and so may very properly be reckoned among the judges of Israel; but how long he judged is not said, perhaps his time is to be reckoned into the eighty years of rest before mentioned; or, as Abarbinel thinks, into the forty years of Deborah, the next judge; and who also observes, that their Rabbins say, Shamgar judged but one year. He too saved Israel. He too saved Israel. The fact of their deliverer having no better weapon enhances his faith, and the power of his divine helper. The best value in digital Bible study.

Judges 3:31 English Standard Version (ESV) Shamgar. v. 4, § 3), following some Jewish hagadah, says that Shamgar was chosen judge, but died in the first year of his office. 1. l. 2. c. 39. col. 385. It is armed at the lesser end with a sharp prong for driving the cattle, and on the other with a small iron paddle for removing the clay which encumbers the plough in working. We know nothing of Shamgar’s tribe or family, but, as neither his name nor that of his father is Jewish, it has been conjectured that he may have been a Kenite; a conjecture which derives some confirmation from his juxtaposition with Jael in Judges 5:6. The son of Anath.—There was a Beth-anath in Naphtali, but Shamgar could hardly have belonged to Northern Israel. Disarmament was the universal policy of ancient days (1Samuel 13:19); and this reduced the Israelites to the use of inventive skill in very simple weapons (1Samuel 17:40; 1Samuel 17:43). If he slew 600 with his own hand, the whole number that perished would almost certainly have been added. 134. English Standard Version (ESV).

He does not mention his deed of prowess.

Being disarmed, the Israelites would be unable to find any more effective weapon (Judges 5:6; Judges 5:8). Judges 3:30 So Moab was subdued under the hand of Israel that day, and the land had rest for eighty years. Hom. All rights reserved worldwide. (Codex B) and Vulgate have “with a ploughshare;” and the Alexandrian Codex of the LXX. (q) Homer. 3:31 An ox goad - As Samson did a thousand with the jaw - bone of an ass; both being miraculous actions, and not at all incredible to him that believes a God, who could easily give strength to effect this. vi. And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Wesley's Notes for Judges 3:31. Six hundred men.—It has been most needlessly assumed that he slew them single-handed, and not, as is probable, at the head of a band of peasants armed with the same rude weapons as himself.


Samson had nothing better than the jawbone of an ass (Judges 15:15). Ehud proved himself to have been raised up by the Lord as the deliverer of Israel, simply by the fact that he actually delivered his people from the bondage of the Moabites, and it by no means follows that the means which he selected were either commanded or approved by Jehovah.

After him was Shamgar — He was the third judge of the Israelites, and delivered them from some small oppressions which they suffered from the Philistines. There is, indeed, no impossibility (even apart from Divine assistance, which is implied though not expressly attributed to him) in the supposition that in a battle which may have lasted for more than one day a single chief may with his own hand have killed this number, for we are told that in a night battle against Moawijah, Ali raised a shout each time he had killed an enemy, and his voice was heard 300 times in one night; and a story closely resembling that of Shamgar is narrated of a Swedish peasant; but the question here is merely one of interpretation, and nothing is more common in Scripture, as in all literature, than to say that a leader personally did what was done under his leadership, e.g., “Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands” (1Samuel 18:7).