Baby fennel: This is a smaller, younger, slightly tenderer version of Florence fennel. Pairing high-vitamin-C foods, such as fennel, with iron-rich foods can improve the ability of the body to absorb iron. Fennel is included in the GAPS diet, as well as on my Healing Food Shopping List, because of its ability to ease digestion.

The fennel bulb contains a number of phenolic compounds, including bioflavonoids, phenolic acids, tannins, coumarins and hydroxycinnamic acids. One cup of fennel also contains 45 mg of sodium—more than the sodium found in one stalk of celery—but because of its strong licorice flavor, most people don’t eat a lot of fennel every day. The whole bulb and stems can be eaten raw or cooked, making it quite versatile.

What’s more, over 28 compounds have been identified in fennel seeds, including anethole, fenchone, methyl chavicol, and limonene.

Like celery, fennel is filling and yet very low in calories. This is needed to support the immune system function and helps to keep the skin and eyes healthy. It plays a central role in regulating the female reproductive cycle, and it can also determine fertility. Add diced fresh fennel to your favorite salsa. One average-size fennel bulb contains 73 calories, 3 grams of protein, and 17 grams of carbohydrate. Fennel has been shown to have galactogenic properties, meaning it helps increase milk secretion. The herbal plant is also used in other traditional systems of medicine, including Unani, Siddha, Indian and Iranian systems. Fennel and its seeds also contain nutrients like magnesium, potassium, and calcium, which play important roles in keeping your heart healthy (14).

Estrogen occurs naturally in fennel.

The wide array of powerful plant compounds in fennel may help protect against chronic diseases, including certain cancers. Vitamin C also promotes the ability of collagen to smooth wrinkles and improve the overall texture of the skin. Privacy Policy Both the crunchy bulb and the seeds of the fennel plant have a mild, licorice-like flavor.

Fennel is known for its highly aromatic properties, smelling a bit like anise, but with warm and woody undertones. That said, another study in 47 women found that those who supplemented with 300 mg of fennel extract daily for 12 weeks gained a small amount of weight, compared to a placebo group. It originated in Switzerland in the late 18th century and is known for its hallucinogenic properties.

But researchers have found that fennel seed oil has been shown to reduce pain and increase motility in the small intestine, making it can excellent natural remedy for colic.Fennel also helps to calm the infant and reduce abdominal distension. It contains only trace amounts of fat and no cholesterol. Today, this popular vegetable continues to be one of the most widely used herbal plants. (8), It is also common in certain cultures to chew fennel seeds after meals to help digestion and eliminate bad breath. The top of the bulb should be compact, with the stalks closely spaced rather than spread out. Research shows that increasing calcium intake from dietary sources increases your bone mineral density. As mentioned above, fennel tastes like a cross between celery and black licorice. A review of 22 studies associated a greater dietary fiber intake with a lower risk of heart disease. The fennel bulb can stay in the refrigerator for about four to five days.

Because of its flavor, fennel is called “anise” in many markets. A deficiency in vitamin C is called scurvy, which manifests in the inability to properly form collagen, leading to bleeding gums and bleeding below the skin. (11, 12). It is commonly harvested in the fall and usually shows up traditionally in fall or winter recipes.

Anise is used as a spice to add flavor to a variety of dishes. (21).

Fennel is a celery-like winter vegetable with an interesting licorice-like flavor. But fennel has actually been used for its nutritious properties since ancient times and it plays an important role in traditional medicine. Consume high-potassium foods, such as fennel, in moderation when taking beta-blockers. Because digestive problems like constipation and IBS are so common in adults, fennel makes a great addition to any diet, which is exactly why it’s one of foods recommended for a healing diet. This might help prevent cancer cells from forming because of mutations in the DNA. If you’ve bought wild or baby fennel, there’s no need to separate the stalks from the bulb, as they are both tender. Or add chunks of fennel to fish or seafood chowders. Bone matrix formation requires the mineral manganese.

It was even added to loaves of bread for added flavor and to make it easier to digest.

Aside from the benefits mentioned above, fennel and its seeds may improve your health in the following ways: It’s important to note that many of these studies used concentrated doses of the plant, and it’s unlikely that eating small amounts of fennel or its seeds would offer the same benefits.

Fennel is also high in vitamin C, providing 28 milligrams per bulb or almost half of the recommended daily amount for this critical vitamin. Fennel seeds may not only add depth and flavor to your recipes but also help curb appetite. The end of the stalk and any fronds should also look fresh and not dry, wilted or damaged. Any green salad will have some extra flavor if you chop some fresh fennel fronds in it. 7 holiday foods to savour - in moderation, Take-out time: Why you should try Greek food, Take-out time: Why you should try Middle Eastern food, Take-out time: Why you should try Thai food, 7 things you need to know about non-dairy coffee creamer, Aphrodisiacs: tantalizing the sexual appetite, Leafy greens and other cruciferous vegetables.

Fennel seeds are rich in flavonoid antioxidants and they contain a concentrated source of micronutrients. By Nicola Shubrook – Registered nutritionist, Magazine subscription – save 44% and get a cookbook of your choice. Fennel is a tall, hardy plant with stocky bulbs, hollow stems, and feathered, lacy fronds. If a more serious allergic reaction occurs, call for an ambulance immediately. Dietary fiber is an important factor in weight management and works as a “bulking agent” in the digestive system. All parts of the fennel bulb can be eaten, including the seeds, leaves and the bulb itself.

But fennel’s flavor emphatically sets it apart from celery and other stalk vegetables.

Further, it contains generous amounts of fiber (3.1 g/100 g or 8% of RDI) but little fat, and zero cholesterol. A larger trial, however, is needed to confirm these findings.