Oppenheimer: The Englishman. There was a rather bizarre notion that secrecy could be preserved by having some poor soldiers ride around the fence on horses. Groueff: Right. planning to come tomorrow. And the whole thing worked, but for different reasons. Groueff: Novel. Oppenheimer: We would just walk there and I would usually break for a little while between twelve and one because there was nowhere to eat, no food. Oppenheimer has accomplished.”. In 1953, J. Robert Oppenheimer was accused of communist ties. I’ve got a lot of censors Oppenheimer: It is a very stumpfsinnig [dull] method anyway. Oppenheimer: We lived about a third of a mile from the laboratory. Groueff: So this compartmentalization they talk about—.
: The Implosion of the Sudoplatov Charges]. Oppenheimer: He was not responsible; he was a consultant but he certainly had very useful ideas. Oppenheimer: So there is no point in my giving you these lists because they are published. Groueff: Now what is your opinion now that there is twenty years’ difference? Oppenheimer: They were not doing this. cons are to be presented to him because there are certain things In the 1930s, like many liberals, Oppenheimer belonged to groups led or infiltrated by Communists; his brother, his wife and his former fiancée were party members. I was more worried about the campaign in Africa and the campaign in Russia when I went to New Mexico than I was about the Germans making a bomb. In an atmosphere of mutual distrust, Strauss obtained approval from the other commissioners to release the entire unclassified version of the transcript to the public on June 16, 1954. A detonation over the Marshall Islands in 1952 was the first test of a hydrogen bomb. J. Robert Oppenheimer.
He was a key figure in the U.S. effort to establish international control of atomic energy after the war, and as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission’s principal advisory committee, he greatly influenced the agency’s course in its formative years. My argument was not that I should head it but that it should exist. I think I understood a deep destruction the National Socialist business had made in the German scientific scene. Dr. O: When was this, was it after sundown? | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department. In this rare interview, J. Robert Oppenheimer talks about the organization of the Manhattan Project and some of the scientists that he helped to recruit during the earliest days of the project. The first is that under conditions of a good implosion, one would not be dealing with the assembly of solids but with fluid dynamics. Troubled by the allegation, President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered “a blank wall” erected between Oppenheimer and any nuclear secrets. Well, it was a challenge to manage that when writing a book set before any of those things existed, but I managed it. “We have an A-bomb,” he told the hearing, as well as “a whole series of Super bombs.” He added: “What more do you want, mermaids?”, Transcripts Kept Secret for 60 Years Bolster Defense of Oppenheimer’s Loyalty. Produced in 19 volumes, the transcript is arranged in such a way that pages from which information was deleted in the published version are easy to locate with the deleted information readily identifiable.
Dr. O: Good, we’ll be awfully glad to see him. Groueff: But actually, they enjoyed it and I understand later some of them were skiing and you were going on horseback. Dr. Polenberg of Cornell, for example, expressed bewilderment that 12 pages of testimony from Lee A. DuBridge, a friend and colleague of Oppenheimer’s who discussed the atomic trade-offs and the European war situation, had remained secret for 60 years. States to relax in. It seems to me that in wartime with so many important top-priority projects, one should think that all those scientists, or at least good ones, the top ones will be so much in demand that when you start a new project, to be able to assemble—. My book, I intend to start with the year 1942 because otherwise, there is no limit. After studies in Europe, he taught physics at the University of California, Berkeley. 6. a little note to that effect a couple of days ago; that is, I Gen G: That awaits the decision of the President. At the height of the McCarthy era, J. Robert Oppenheimer, the government’s top atomic physicist, came under suspicion as a Soviet spy. Oppenheimer: Yes, but which is, from a chemical point of view, so like uranium-238. but on Monday night I could leave. Oppenheimer: Well, that started in the autumn of ’41. Oppenheimer: You must remember that all the time we were monitoring radiation, measuring spontaneous fission, trying to find out the nature of the territory we were in, and also exploring radical things, many of which would never have worked, some of which have worked since but which were beyond our assured means at the time. URL: http://www.dannen.com/decision/opp-tel.html See it now; Jan. 4, 1955. My opinion being that this is probably one of the greatest performances or achievements of this system. Was it until D-Day that all of you—. And my wife and I, we kept a horse and gave the others to others. Oppenheimer: Well, no. I had been looking for them since seeing Polenberg give a talk in 2004 in which he said that they were apparently lost.
Gen G: Now as far as we can, as far as I can see, Security as a Some, not all. now any distance the rest of this week. Groueff: He did not work on the implosion. Whether Oppenheimer knew that his words were being recorded on this I went to Chicago and Compton asked me to take charge of it and the rest, I think, is recently recorded. As a young professor, he crashed his car while racing a train, leaving his girlfriend unconscious. whatever you get, I think you know the general idea. In fact, we talked at length with [Niels] Bohr to see what he knew about it. Groueff: So it turned out to be the good site, the ideal site for the project. I filed asked NARA to review the remaining volumes in a FOIA request filed in 2009. An eccentric genius fond of pipes and porkpie hats, Oppenheimer grew up in an elegant building on Riverside Drive in Manhattan, attended the Ethical Culture School and graduated from Harvard in three years. Groueff: I intend to see Bethe and Cyril Smith and Bainbridge.
He discusses the chronology of the project and his first conversation with General Leslie Groves.
I would try to get to the laboratory on normal days about eight or something like that and take our son, who was around, to the nursery school on the way. And the initiator was nontrivial just because it had to be quiet—and really quiet—and then suddenly burst. Oppenheimer: That was probably somewhat later. And it is fifty-five miles by a very rough and terrible trail from there to Los Alamos so we had ridden across it by horse. Oppenheimer: He was a very young man, a six-foot-three Texan. Groueff: What I want to emphasize in this book is the difficulties and the obstacles in technical or scientific or technological areas and how were they overcome. Romance. This makes it difficult for me.
Oppenheimer: I went in the first instance to those who were working on the problem, or on some fringe of the program. The detailed experimental study of the dynamics of implosions—this was very hard. And each group had a story, which is worthwhile? Dr. O: Thank you for calling and I appreciate your kind words.
Groueff: Yes that is enough for my purposes but I would like to hear your opinion if I have to single out, let’s say, three, four, five problems, like say the problems of the new metallurgy of known metals or the tamper problem or the initiator or implosion? The doubts which then existed were not of a metaphysical quality [laugh]. It did not do much good [laugh]. Oppenheimer: Right, and very incompletely because no one had studied the problem of time delay. Oppenheimer: No, at that time, the site was probably vague at first and less vague later.
Oppenheimer belonged to several organizations infiltrated or dominated by communists, and his brother, wife and former fiancé had been communists.
Groueff: After the discussion with Lawrence. Oppenheimer: Well we had people, first of all, who tried to get the nuclear physics straight because this was not known. Parker.
It is always very hard to remember the things that were made difficult and took a long time to settle in retrospect are completely clear. Groueff: Sometimes by luck, I understand, or even sometimes with the wrong assumption, I was given some examples about the chemists doing the right job on the wrong assumption—I think it was about chemistry of plutonium, assuming for certain things that plutonium would behave like uranium.
The newly declassified portions are helpfully consolidated and cross-referenced in a separate volume entitled “Record of Deletions.”. But as you undoubtedly know, we were forced to it in the case of plutonium. Oppenheimer: And we did not have enough water; that was a perpetual problem. 1000 Independence Ave. SWWashington DC 20585202-586-5000. In June 1954, the Atomic Energy Commission released a redacted transcript of the hearing that led to the revocation of his clearance. The markings at NARA indicate that a declassification effort was apparently begun in the 1990s but stopped for some unknown reason; several volumes were declassified but many were not.
Robert S. Norris, a senior fellow at the Federation of American Scientists and the author of “Racing for the Bomb,” a biography of Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves, the military leader of the World War II project to develop the atomic bomb, said a reading of the formerly secret testimony showed it had little or nothing to do with national security.