Cursing is a perversion of blessing, as all sin is of goodness. God suffered Job to be tried, as he suffered Peter to be sifted. Discontent and impatience charge God with folly. He is subject to God, who uses his ministry for chastising man. God's people are taken under his special protection; they, and all that belong to them. This was to overwhelm Job, and leave him no time to recover from the rapid succession of calamities--"misfortunes seldom come single.". 19. a great wind from the wilderness--south of Job's house. 21. Book of Job Summary. So the emir of Uz was by general consent called Job, on account of his "trials." Job 1:6-12 . Job, under all his losses, is but reduced to his first state. God here questions him, in order to vindicate His own ways before angels. See how Job looks above instruments, and keeps his eye upon the First Cause. A graphic picture of rural repose and peace; the more dreadful, therefore, by contrast is the sudden attack of the plundering Arabs. 6. sons of God--angels ( Job 38:7 , 1 Kings 22:19 ). He had fallen himself ( Job 4:19 , 15:15 , Jude 1:6 ). Satan--The tradition was widely spread that he had been the agent in Adam's temptation.

perfect--not absolute or faultless perfection (compare Job 9:20 , Ecclesiastes 7:20 ), but integrity, sincerity, and consistency on the whole, in all relations of life ( Genesis 6:9 , 17:1 , Proverbs 10:9 , Matthew 5:48 ). (20-22). We are to submit to trials, not because we see the reasons for them, nor yet as though they were matters of chance, but because God wills them, and has a right to send them, and has His own good reasons in sending them. Orientals wear a tunic or shirt, and loose pantaloons; and over these a flowing mantle (especially great persons and women). The Scripture speaks thus to teach us that God directs the affairs of the world. Discontent and impatience charge God with folly. Job is the bee's knees.

Naked--( 1 Timothy 6:7 ). He's blameless and upright, and he has kids, a wife, land, and a bunch of sheep. It is not wrong to look at the eternal recompence in our obedience; but it is wrong to aim at worldly advantages in our religion. He is but where he must have been at last, and is only unclothed, or unloaded rather, a little sooner than he expected. RAWLINSON distinguishes three periods: 1. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools.

There is an evil spirit, the enemy of God, and of all righteousness, who is continually seeking to distress, to lead astray, and, if possible, to destroy those who love God. Uz--north of Arabia-Deserta, lying towards the Euphrates. There is an evil spirit, the enemy of God, and of all righteousness, who is continually seeking to distress, to lead astray, and, if possible, to destroy those who love God. While we are on this earth we are within his reach. Satan brought Job's troubles upon him on the day that his children began their course of feasting. Afflictions must not divert us from, but quicken us to religion. He is called prince of this world ( John 12:31 ); the god of this world ( 2 Corinthians 4:4 ); prince of the power of the air ( Ephesians 2:2 ). (when Cyrus the Persian took Babylon), the Babylonian period. the Lord--Hebrew, JEHOVAH, the self-existing God, faithful to His promises.

This was done "in the morning" ( Genesis 22:3 , Leviticus 6:12 ). of Job's afflictions began from the malice of Satan, by the Lord's permission, for wise and holy purposes. "Devil" is the Greek name--the "slanderer," or "accuser." His dearest and most valuable possessions were his ten children; news is brought him that they are killed. CHAPTER 1. God suffered Job to be tried, as he suffered Peter to be sifted. Job herein realizes God's assertion ( Job 1:8 ) against Satan's ( Job 1:11 ).

The mirth inspired by the "wine" here contrasts the more sadly with the alarm which interrupted it. But as there is nothing we should dread more than really being hypocrites, so there is nothing we need dread less than being called and counted so without cause. All we have is from his gift; we have forfeited it by sin, and ought not to complain if he takes any part from us. 8. considered--Margin, "set thine heart on"; that is, considered attentively.

The instructions to be learned from the patience of Job, and from his trials, are as useful now, and as much needed as ever. (20-22). The Bedouin Arabs of the present day resemble, in marauding habits, these Sabeans (compare Genesis 16:12 ). Salem Media Group. Uz--north of Arabia-Deserta, lying towards the Euphrates.It was in this neighborhood, and not in that of Idumea, that the … Job was prosperous, and yet pious. In God only have we a help present at all times. They present themselves to render account of their "ministry" in other parts of the universe ( Hebrews 1:14 ). From 625 to 538 B.C. But Jesus Christ has fulfilled the law for us; justice is once more on man's side against Satan ( Isaiah 42:21 ); and so Jesus Christ can plead as our Advocate against the adversary.

household--( Genesis 26:14 ). When their seat of empire was in the south, towards the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates. He is but where he must have been at last, and is only unclothed, or unloaded rather, a little sooner than he expected. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Job 2:10 proves that this is the meaning.

Job 1:1-5 . From 1500 to 625 B.C., the Assyrian period.

We perceive his care for their souls, his knowledge of the sinful state of man, his entire dependence on God's mercy in the way he had appointed. Instead of cursing, he blesses the name of JEHOVAH (Hebrew).

Take away their prosperity and you take away their religion ( Malachi 3:14 ). This act illustrates Job's "fear of God" ( Job 1:1 ). (13-19) Job's patience and piety.

All rights reserved. Another great doctrine of the faith, particularly set forth in the book of Job, is that of Providence. If in all our troubles we look to the Lord, he will support us. Perhaps he was formerly its ruler under God. In God only have we a help present at all times. He lived soon after Abraham, or perhaps before that patriarch.

Chapter 1. The only other person so called was a son of Issachar ( Genesis 46:13 ). While we are on this earth we are within his reach. Against these Job carefully watched; and so must we, acknowledging that as God has done right, but we have done wickedly, so God has done wisely, but we have done very foolishly. One in each case escapes ( Job 1:16 Job 1:17 Job 1:19 ), and brings the same kind of message.

Doesn't get much better than that.

5. when the days of their feasting were gone about--that is, at the end of all the birthdays collectively, when the banquets had gone round through all the families.

Up in the heavens, God brags to the divine assembly about Job. In this period was Chedorlaomer ( Genesis 14:1 ), the Kudur of Hur or Ur of the Chaldees, in the Assyrian inscriptions, and the conqueror of Syria. 11. curse thee to thy face--in antithesis to God's praise of him ( Job 1:8 ), "one that feareth God."

But as there is nothing we should dread more than really being hypocrites, so there is nothing we need dread less than being called and counted so without cause.

20. But, as the name occurs previously in Genesis 2:7-9 , &c., what must be meant is, not until the time of delivering Israel by Moses was He known peculiarly and publicly in the character which the name means; namely, "making things to be," fulfilling the promises made to their forefathers. Thus UMBREIT translates "may have dismissed God from their hearts"; namely, amid the intoxication of pleasure ( Proverbs 20:1 ). Job1: Job was blameless. He sent and sanctified them, reminding them to examine themselves, to confess their sins, to seek forgiveness; and as one who hoped for acceptance with God through the promised Saviour, he offered a burnt-offering for each. Verses 20-22 Job humbled himself under the hand of God. No true servant of God escapes the eye of the adversary of God. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information.

Hence it concerns us to be sober and vigilant, 1 Peter 5:8. They were taken away when he had most need of them to comfort him under other losses. How far his influence may extend, we cannot say; but probably much unsteadiness and unhappiness in Christians may be ascribed to him. It is plain, from this history, that the Lord watched over his servant Job with the affection of a wise and loving father. This book is so called from Job, whose prosperity, afflictions, and restoration, are here recorded. "The prince of the power of the air" [ Ephesians 2:2 ] is permitted to have control over such destructive agents.

men of the east--denoting in Scripture those living east of Palestine; as the people of North Arabia-Deserta ( Judges 6:3 , Ezekiel 25:4 ). Not lightning, which would not consume all the sheep and servants. Chaldeans--not merely robbers as the Sabeans; but experienced in war, as is implied by "they set in array three bands" ( Habakkuk 1:6-8 ). See how Satan censures Job. 3. And may the malice and power of Satan render that Saviour more precious to our souls, who came to destroy the works of the devil; who, for our salvation, suffered from that enemy far more than Job suffered, or we can think. 16. fire of God--Hebraism for "a mighty fire"; as "cedars of God"--"lofty cedars" ( Psalms 80:10 ). The "five hundred yoke of oxen" imply, however, that Job tilled the soil. The piety and prosperity of Job. Job Summary. The holocaust, or burnt offering, in patriarchal times, was offered (literally, "caused to ascend," referring to the smoke ascending to heaven) by each father of a family officiating as priest in behalf of his household. He reasons from the common state of human life, which he describes. If in all our troubles we look to the Lord, he will support us. He seems also to have had a dwelling in a town, in which respect he differed from the patriarchs.