[19] There is "deference to superior power or prestige".[19]. (2010). MAC uses game theory to identify distinct types of cooperation, and predicts that each will be considered morally relevant, and each will give rise to a distinct moral domain. Their moral decisions are based on whether they would win the approval of individuals whose opinions matter to them.

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But the druggist said: wife. In this way action is never a means but always an end in itself; the individual acts because it is right, and not because it avoids punishment, is in their best interest, expected, legal, or previously agreed upon. ground and is present in every human being. Published 2018. Educación y Educadores. Kohlberg Theory of Moral Development is one of the most important theories in the field of human psychology. [5], In Stage four (authority and social order obedience driven), it is important to obey laws, dictums, and social conventions because of their importance in maintaining a functioning society. However, Kohlberg’s subjects were aged between 10 and 16.

Furthermore, Kohlberg claims that the moral reasoning of males has been often in advance of that of females. In stage 4, the child blindly accepts rules and convention because of their importance in maintaining a functioning society. At the pre-conventional level (most nine-year-olds and younger, some over nine), we don’t have a personal code of morality. According to Kohlberg this level of moral reasoning is as far as most people get. The unity between self and moral goals was highlighted as the most important theme as it is what truly sets the exemplars apart from the 'ordinary' people. Post-conventional moralists live by their own ethical principles—principles that typically include such basic human rights as life, liberty, and justice. Then, in the second stage, the, person realizes that she can differentiate her, own desires from the wishes of other people and, (conventional morality), which includes the third, and fourth stages (interpersonal; authority), the, individual has a motivation that is concerned, with mutual relations and expectations.

Those that do not promote the general welfare should be changed when necessary to/that meet "the greatest good for the greatest number of people". Apart from that, this hierarchical structure is, claims that some participants were moving back-, ward in stages. Individuals who obey law and authority and don’t challenge the established social order are perceived as being good. He explained to the chemist that his wife was dying and asked if he could have the drug cheaper or pay the rest of the money later. Piaget, J. This level is marked by a growing realization that individuals are separate entities from society and that individuals may disobey rules inconsistent with their own principles. Gilligan concluded that Kohlberg’s theory did not account for the fact that women approach moral problems from an ‘ethics of care’, rather than an ‘ethics of justice’ perspective, which challenges some of the fundamental assumptions of Kohlberg’s theory. Harper & Row.

Gibbs J. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. She tested them six times in the span of 27 years and found support for Kohlberg’s original conclusion, which we all pass through the stages of moral development in the same order.