[16] Adichanallur has been announced as an archaeological site for further excavation and studies.

The bordering states are Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the north-west and Andhra Pradesh to the north. The Pudukkottai kingdom has the distinction of being the only princely state in Tamil Nadu, and only became part of the Indian union in 1948 after independence.[48]. [3] It ranks 11th among all Indian states in human development index. [110] Sangam literature is primarily secular, dealing with everyday themes in a Tamilakam context. [119]

Failure of the summer monsoons and administrative shortcomings of the Ryotwari system resulted in two severe famines in the Madras Presidency, the Great Famine of 1876–78 and the Indian famine of 1896–97. [13][14] In Adichanallur, 24 km (15 mi) from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed 169 clay urns containing human skulls, skeletons, bones, husks, grains of rice, charred rice, and celts of the Neolithic period, 3,800 years ago. Tamil Nadu, a major state in southern India, is bordered with Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The Vijayanagara empire eventually conquered the entire Tamil country by c. 1370 and ruled for almost two centuries until its defeat in the Battle of Talikota in 1565 by a confederacy of Deccan sultanates. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. He wrote: ‘There is no archaeological evidence of a southward migration through the Deccan after the end of the urban phase of the Indus Valley Civilisation The only actual evidence of movements at that period is of Late Harappans migrating towards the Ganges plains and towards Gujarat... Migration apart, there is a complete absence of Harappan artefacts and features south of the Vindhyas: no Harappan designs on pottery, no Harappan seals, crafts and ornaments, no trace of Harappan urbanism… Cultural continuity from Harappan to historical times has been increasingly documented in North India, but not in the South… This means, in effect, that the south-bound Late Harappans would have reverted from an advanced urban bronze-age culture to a Neolithic one!

Most of these festivals are related to the goddess Maariyamman, the mother goddess of the rain. Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756–1805), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu Sultan who fought the British in the Second Polygar War. Map shows the location and boundaries of districts of Tamil Nadu such as … The DMK decided to enter politics in 1956. As a breakaway faction of the DMK. With SaaS Companies like Zoho Corporation, Freshworks, KiSSFLOW, Chargebee, GoFrugal and MadStreetDen founded, in & around Chennai, taking advantage of serving a large volume of small and mid-sized industries in Tamil Nadu, often shunned by bigger SaaS corporation, While simultaneously serving European/North American Markets as well, Chennai has emerged as the "SaaS Capital of India"[175][176][177][178]. Chennai is known as the Detroit of India. Due to increased population and for administrative purposes, there is an increase in demands for new districts: The state capital of Chennai, is the most populous city in the state with more than 8,900,000 residents, followed by Coimbatore, Madurai, Trichy and Salem, respectively. It has now been converted into a joint venture of the governments of India and of Tamil Nadu with equal equity holding. Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Mukurthi National Park and Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve are the tiger reserves in the state. The first three of the above four temples are titled Great Living Chola Temples among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The city is one of the largest exporters of wet grinders and auto components and the term "Coimbatore Wet Grinder" has been given a Geographical indication. Products manufactured include circuit boards and cellular phone handsets. The number of deaths at areas decreased from 1,053 in 2011 to 881 in 2012 and 867 in 2013.[183]. Related keywords.

The ATP Chennai Open tournament is held in Chennai every January. [17] About 60 per cent of the total epigraphical inscriptions found by the ASI in India are from Tamil Nadu, and most of these are in the Tamil language. [5] Tamil Nadu is the most urbanized state in India, and one of the most industrialized states; the manufacturing sector accounts for more than one-third of the state's GDP. [194], Tamil Nadu has the third largest installed power generation capacity in the country. [100] Unique cultural features like Bharatanatyam[101] (dance), Tanjore painting,[102] and Tamil architecture were developed and continue to be practised in Tamil Nadu. Later, South Indian Liberal Federation was adopted as its official name. [152], Dr. M.S. [158] Coimbatore is often referred to as the "Manchester of South India" due to its cotton production and textile industries. Road transport is provided by state owned Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation and State Express Transport Corporation. Eid ul-Fitr, Bakrid, Milad un Nabi, Muharram are celebrated by Muslims whereas Christmas, Good Friday, Easter are celebrated by Christians in the state. The Muslim invasions of southern India triggered the establishment of the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire with Vijayanagara in modern Karnataka as its capital. [26][27][28], The early history of the people and rulers of Tamil Nadu is a topic in Tamil literary sources known as Sangam literature. The state was subsequently split up along linguistic lines. The bordering states are Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the north-west and Andhra Pradesh to the north. This SPV named as “Chennai Metro Rail Limited” was incorporated on 3 December 2007 under the Companies Act. Namakkal is also one of the major centres of egg production in India. The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu (SDAT), a government body, is vested with the responsibility of developing sports and related infrastructure in the state. Architecture from Chola period From left to right: A State flag for Tamil Nadu was unilaterally proposed by the Government of Tamil Nadu in 1970. One of the basic limitations for improvement in education in the state is the rate of absence of teachers in public schools, which at 21.4 per cent is significant. Tamil Nadu accounts for 60 per cent of leather tanning capacity in India[163] and 38 per cent of all leather footwear, garments and components. They controlled the pearl fisheries along the south coast of India, between Sri Lanka and India, which produced some of the finest pearls in the known ancient world. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple in Darasuram (Great Chola Temples) and the Shore Temple along with the collection of other monuments in Mamallapuram which have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[221][222]. [142] The per capita income in 2007–2008 for the state was ₹72,993 ranking third among states with a population over 10 million and has steadily been above the national average.[143]. [81] The total children under the age of 6 is 7,423,832. Cooum and Adyar are the two main rivers in the district. Besides civilian airports, the state has four air bases of the Indian Air Force namely Thanjavur AFS, Tambram AFS, Coimbatore AFS and two naval air stations INS Rajali and INS Parundu of Indian Navy. Their migration to South would thus constitute a double “archaeological miracle”: apart from being undetectable on the ground, it implies that the migrants experienced a total break with all their traditions. Find Tamil Nadu Blank Detailed Outline Map stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Ouline Map of Tamil Nadu showing the blank outline of Tamil Nadu State. Historically, parts of this region have experienced seismic activity in the M5.0 range.[54].

Mahamagam a bathing festival at Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu is celebrated once in 12 years. [154] In 2003–2004, Tamil Nadu had produced 3783.6 million of eggs, which was the second-highest in India representing 9.37 per cent of the total egg production in the country. [200] Kamuthi Solar Power Project was commissioned by Adani Power in Kamuthi, Ramanathapuram district. [86] However, it has a high level of poverty, especially in rural areas. Tamil Nadu has seen major investments in the automobile industry over many decades manufacturing cars, railway coaches, battle-tanks, tractors, motorcycles, automobile spare parts and accessories, tyres and heavy vehicles. Over 11% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Tamil Nadu. During this final day, Kaanum Pongal – the word kaanum, means 'to view' in Tamil. Tamil Nadu had a bicameral legislature until 1986, when it was replaced with a unicameral legislature, like most other states in India.

The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats meet at the Nilgiri Hills. [136] From the early 2010s, Direct to Home has become increasingly popular replacing cable television services. Mariyappan Thangavelu (left most) - High jump, Joshna Chinappa and Dipika Pallikal - Squash. The centenary old Pamban Bridge over sea connecting Rameswaram in Pamban island to the mainland is an engineering marvel. Bharatnatyam, Paravi Attam, Neyyandi Melam, Tanjore style of painting; Kanchipuram silk; Toda women embroider geometrical patterns on shawl, called poothkuli. The reason for the victory of the Justice Party in elections was the non-participation of the INC, demanding complete independence of India. Jallikattu, a bull-taming contest, marks the main event of this day. [125] The term Kollywood is a blend of Kodambakkam and Hollywood. The network connects the state with most major cities in India. The Indian Triathlon Federation and the Volleyball Federation of India are headquartered in Chennai. Tamil Nadu free map, free outline map, free blank map, free base map, high resolution GIF, PDF, CDR, AI, SVG, WMF outline, hydrography, main cities, names (white) The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve located in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills comprises part of adjoining states of Kerala and Karnataka. Major national and global IT companies such as Atos Syntel, Infosys, Wipro, HCL Technologies, Tata Consultancy Services, Verizon, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, Amazon.com, Capgemini, CGI, PayPal, IBM, NTT DATA, Accenture, Ramco Systems, Robert Bosch GmbH, DXC Technology, Cognizant, Tech Mahindra, Virtusa, LTI, Mphasis, Mindtree, Zoho, and many others have offices in Tamil Nadu. [170], Electronics manufacturing is a growing industry in Tamil Nadu, with many international companies like Nokia, Flex, Motorola, Sony-Ericsson, Foxconn, Samsung, Cisco, Moser Baer, Lenovo, Dell, Sanmina-SCI, Bosch, Texas Instruments having chosen Chennai as their South Asian manufacturing hub.

[168][citation needed]. The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu (SDAT) owns Nungambakkam tennis stadium which hosts Chennai Open and Davis Cup play-off tournaments. Coffee and tea are the staple drinks.

According to official data, the textile industry in Tamil Nadu accounts for 17 per cent of the total invested capital in all the industries. Ramachandran Central Railway Station is the gateway for trains towards the north whereas Chennai Egmore serves as the gateway for the south. The Vellore mutiny on 10 July 1806 was the first instance of a large-scale mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company, predating the Indian Rebellion of 1857 by half a century. The granite gopuram (tower) of Brihadisvara Temple, 1010 CE, Airavatesvara Temple built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE, The pyramidal structure above the sanctum at Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Brihadisvara Temple Entrance Gopurams at Thanjavur. According to Ministry of Tourism statistics, 4.68 million foreign (20.1% share of the country) and 333.5 million domestic tourists (23.3% share of the country) visited the state in 2015 making it the most visited state in India both domestic and foreign tourists.