The Indian renaissance took a different shape, in the context of the Indian race, moment and milieu, and as a result, nationalistic, reformistic and revivalistic thinking found its way into literature, which slowly turned itself into a pan-Indian movement, spearheaded in different parts of the country by renaissance leaders like Raja Rammohun Roy (1772-1833), Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Vivekananda, Madhav Govind Ranade, U.V. If one were to identify another striking feature of ancient Tamil literature, the obvious choice would be Vaishnava (pertaining to Vishnu) bhakti (devotional) literature.

But both these epics were composed over a long passage of time, not by one poet, but by many poets, for the purpose of oral transmission by singers and story tellers.

During this time, a Tamil grammar Tolkappiyam, was written, to understand early Tamil poetry. It is established now that simple texts may present complex extra-textual structures. The love affair is complicated by a royal courtier, who is also attracted to Vasantasena. Pillai (Tamil), Balvant Padurang Kirloskar (Marathi, 1843-1885) and Rabindra Nath Tagore delved into our folk tradition to create plays to protest against colonialism, social injustice and westernization. The interlinking of a political revolution with the private affairs of the two lovers adds new charm to the play. Swaminatha Aiyer, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, K.V. The king Rama fights a battle with the demon king Ravana, who steals his wife, Sita, and holds her captive in his palace at Lanka (now Sri Lanka). Jayadeva (12 century A.D.) is the last great name in Sanskrit poetry, who wrote the lyric poetry Gitagovinda (the song of Govinda) to describe every phase of love beween Krishna and Radha – longing, jealousy, hope, disappointment, anger, reconciliation and fruition – in picturesque lyrical language. It also tells us about how to achieve the fourfold objectives (Purushartha) of human life, Dharma (righteousness, or loosely, religion), Artha (worldly achievement, mainly wealth and prosperity), Kama (fulfilment of all desires), and Moksha (liberation). The play is set in the ancient city … Modern Indian pluralism is multi-lingual, multi-cultural, secular, national-state concept. Those who adhered to western modernity separated themselves from the common masses and their reality. Jaishankar Prasad (Hindi) and Adya Rangacharya (Kannada) wrote historical and social plays to highlight the clash between idealism and the harsh realities by which they were surrounded. Treatment can help decrease the symptoms while also preventing complications with relationships. In the case of 102 poems, the authors are unknown. Kafi is a small poem in stanzas followed by refrain and is sung in a dramatic way. He wrote two great epics, Kumarasambhava (the birth of Kumar), and Raghuvamsa (the dynasty of the Raghus). It creates an alternative aesthetics and extends the linguistic and generic possibilities of literature. It is, therefore, not very correct to say that ancient Indian literature includes only the religious classics of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. lord Buddha (500 B.C.) Mrichchhakatika-themes. Related Pages. Participation - Make sure that your question is placed in the right category and right discussion. He accepted life both as a joyous existence and as a dark and painful experience. ), is well known. Kurup (Malayalam) added to his lyricism the sharpness of anger towards social injustice. Shudraka about love affair of merchantrn As a result, India’s nationalism is mingled with its spiritual tradition, with truth and tolerance preached by Mahatma Gandhi, and non-alignment advocated by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, showing India’s concern for its pluralism. Thus while Paul’s physical love is daily becoming more and more urgent, she cannot respond to the desire. Even for the Indian English writers, English is no more a colonial language. Searching for the best faucet water filter?