The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 6 letters long and begins with D However, it has also been argued that the monumental burials and associated rich material culture reflect the emergence of social differentiation or stratification (33⇓⇓–36; see ref. The Legananny Dolmen is a three-legged example from the megalithic period of about 5,000 years ago and is the portal grave of a chieftain. We generate genome sequence data from 24 individuals buried in five megaliths and investigate the population history and social dynamics of the groups that buried their dead in megalithic monuments across northwestern Europe in the fourth millennium BCE. The thesaurus compiler Peter Marc Roget categorized megalithic monuments as memorials, and that may very well indeed have been a primary function of these structures. All libraries except the UDG-treated libraries showed signs characteristic of aDNA damage (67). However, as genomic data have been available from only a few individuals from megalithic burials, the origin and dispersal dynamics of the funerary practices, as well as the population history of the people that used the burial constructions, have also remained uncertain. Raw sequencing reads produced for this study have been deposited in the European Nucleotide Archive (accession no. In addition, the Primrose 3, 10, and 17 individuals were inferred to harbor variants common to the I2a2 lineage, although with low coverage support (SI Appendix, section S7). Some versions of the Cúchulainn story say he was conceived there. Despite its name, the Stone Tomb in Ukraine was not a tomb but rather a sanctuary. These observations imply that the groups that erected and used the megalithic burial structures were stable and stratified, but probably not isolated farmer societies (37, 41). The emergence of these megaliths was closely associated with the development of farming communities (14, 23, 25, 27, 29), but the origin and the social structure of the groups are largely unknown. PRJEB31045). Megalithic monuments are found throughout Ireland, and include burial sites (such as megalithic tombs) and ceremonial sites (such as stone circles).

Paleogenomic and archaeological studies show that Neolithic lifeways spread from the Fertile Crescent into Europe around 9000 BCE, reaching northwestern Europe by 4000 BCE.

to 1100 B.C. A dolmen, also known as a portal tomb, portal grave, or quoit, is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone.